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DemDem Story

  • Battle of Demdem Castle, Kurds and Safavids “It is better for us to die on the battlefield than for the enemy to occupy the castle! Darling, I was born to live freely in the high mountains. This is our matter of honour and never forget this day…” Emirxan Lepzerin

  • DemDem Or DIMDIM (Pers. Demdem or Domdom), name of a mountain and a fortress where an important battle between the Kurds and the Safavid army took place in the early 17th century.

  • Mount Dimdim (elev. ca. 2,000 m) is located between the Bārāndūz river and the tributary Qāsemlū near the shore of Lake Urmia, a few kilometers west of the Urmia-Mahābād road; the nearby village of Bālānīj is about 18 km south of Urmia. According to Kurdish oral tradition (reported by Eskandar Beg, I, p. 792), the fortress on top of the mountain dates from the pre-Islamic period. In about 1609 the ruined structure was rebuilt by Amir Khan Lapzēṟīn, ruler of Barādūst, who sought to maintain the independence of his expanding principality in the face of both Ottoman and Safavid penetration into the region. In 1609 Eskandar Beg described it as a formidable stronghold consisting of five separate forts with well-protected cisterns and pits for storing ice and snow (pp. 796-97). Today portions of the walls and heaps of building stones and bricks are still visible (Pedrām).

  • The battle of Dimdim occupies a prominent place in Safavid historiography. Shah ʿAbbās I (996-1038/1588-1626) had recognized Amir Khan’s hereditary right to rule over Barādūst and Urmia, but the rebuilding of Dimdim was considered a move toward independence that could threaten Safavid power in the northwest; in fact, neither the Safavids nor the Ottomans had yet gained firm control of Kurdistan, Azarbaijan, and Armenia. Many Kurds, including the rulers of Mokrī (west and south of Lake Urmia), rallied around Amir Khan. After a long and bloody siege led by the Safavid grand vizier Ḥātem Beg, which lasted from November 1609 to the summer of 1610, Dimdim was captured; all the defenders were massacred. Shah ʿAbbās ordered a general massacre in Barādūst and Mokrī (Eskandar Beg, pp. 809-14; Falsafī, pp. 190-94) and resettled the Turkish Afšār tribe in the region (Adīb-al-Šoʿarāʾ, pp. 11-73) while deporting many Kurdish tribes to Khorasan. The two principalities did survive, though much weakened, and the amirs of Barādūst fought two more battles against the Safavids at Dimdim (Eskandar Beg, pp. 889-91; Adīb-al-Šoʿarāʾ, pp. 52-55). In 1142/1729 Ṭahmāsbqolī Sepahsālār (the future Nāder Shah, 1148-60/1736-47) defeated Yūsof Pasha, the Ottoman governor of Urmia, at Dimdim and ordered the fortress destroyed (Adīb-al-Šoʿarāʾ, pp. 76-77).

  • Although Persian historians (e.g. Eskandar Beg and Adīb-al-Šoʿarāʾ) depicted the first battle of Dimdim as a result of Kurdish mutiny or treason, in Kurdish oral traditions (e.g., Baytī dimdim; see BAYT), literary works (Dzhalilov, pp. 67-72), and histories it was treated as a struggle of the Kurdish people against foreign domination; in fact, Baytī dimdim is considered a national epic second only to Mam ū Zīn by Aḥmadī Ḵānī. It is known in both the Kūrmānjī and Sorānī dialects of Kurdish and in Armenian. Most of the collected ballads portray the defenders of Dimdim as martyrs (šahīd) in a holy war (xeza; see, e.g., Dzhalilov, pp. 81, 97, 98). The earliest literary account is attributed to the poet Faqē Ṭayrān (ca. 1590-1660), and a number of modern writers, poets, playwrights, and historians have devoted works to the revolt.

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Why Is Dessert Important After Eating Food?

  • We all wish that we could be one of those health-nut people who never crave a sweet during the day and could be completely satisfied with eating fruit instead. But for most of us, this is difficult. Many of us love sweets and indulge in sweets. It can brighten our day, and make mealtime a bit more enjoyable. However, sugar is not the healthiest thing for us or our waistlines.

  • Many of us try to limit our consumption of sugary sweets to help minimize any harm that our sweet tooth might bring us. This means that we should avoid eating sweets and desserts in Oakville every time we crave them, and we might start limiting ourselves to one dessert per day, and only eat some fruit or flavoured seltzer when we have cravings.

  • Now, you might also be wondering when is the best time to eat dessert. Would it be healthier to eat sweets after lunch, since you will have time to work off any extra calories before you go to sleep at night? Or will it be better to have it after dinner, to reduce any chances that you might overindulge if there’s too much time left during the day?

  • The experts say that after lunch is the best time to eat dessert. If you indulge in the afternoon, you have a bit of time to burn off the calories during the rest of the day. You should try and eat dessert an hour after you eat your lunch.

  • If you eat it right after finishing your meal, you could get bloated and feel uncomfortable. However, you also do not want to eat sweets on an empty stomach since your body will absorb them much quicker, and it can lead to a bigger blood sugar spike and a bigger sugar crash later.

  • Experts agree that a post-meal is the best time to enjoy dessert. When you eat dessert after a balanced meal then you can benefit from the nutrients in the meal to stabilize your blood sugar from the sweets. It is also better to eat it after a meal from a psychological standpoint. When you eat dessert after your meal, it signals to your body a feeling of doneness so that this is less likely to trigger you into mindless snacking.

  • Another way that you can have your dessert and enjoy it without negatively impacting your well-being is to get moving after you eat it. Even if that is just going for a ten-minute walk. You should be drinking plenty of water before and while eating your dessert to help prevent you from overindulging. Also, try your best to stick to a single portion.

  • You can also try following a social sweets rule where instead of eating dessert in Oakville at home or at your desk, you only indulge in it if you are out with your friends or co-workers. Eating cake at home can make you feel guilty and overindulgent, and this same cake in Oakville can feel more fun and celebratory when shared with others.

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